Call for Academic Papers\ Call for Research Papers: - 2019 volume 2 issue 5 September - October :- International Journal of Applied Science and Research [IJASR]

2019 VOLUME- 2 ISSUE- 5 SEPTEMBER - OCTOBER UNDER PROCESS...

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1. Haematological and Serum Biochemistry Profiles of Yankasa Sheep Fed Complete Diets Containing Rice Straw

Garba Saleh, PhD & Halliru Sanusi

Department of Agricultural Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi, P.M.B., 3473, Kano State Nigeria

ABSTRACT:Sheep play a significant role in socio-cultural activities as they are of great use during cultural, religious and festive in Nigeria. Sheep production is the best way of enhancing meat supply and also generates income to small holder farmers. The aim of this study was to investigate the haematological and serum biochemistry profiles of Yankasa sheep fed complete diets containing rice straw. Twelve (12) Yankasa sheep (rams) were used in this experiment. The animals were randomly distributed to 4 groups of 3 animals each. Each ram served as a replicate and an adjustment period of a week was allowed for the animals before data collection commenced. The feeding trial lasted for a period of 70 days. In this study completely randomized design (CRD) was used. Data collected was analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The treatment means were separated and compared using standard error of the mean (SEM), and Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DNMRT) as contained in SPSS (2013) for window 32, version 24. Results of this experiment revealed that for haematological parameters, white Blood cells (WBC), Haemoglobin (HGB) and Mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH) were not significant (P>0.05), while Red Blood Cell (RBC) and other parameters were significantly affected (P<0.05) by the level of inclusion of rice straw in the diets. Moreover, for biochemical parameters urea, sodium, bicarbonate (HCO3), creatinine and Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (SGOT) were not significant (P>0.05), while potassium, Glutamic Pyruvi Transaminase (SGPT) and alkaline phosphate were significantly affected (P<0.05) by the level of inclusion of rice straw in the diets. From the present study, it can be concluded that the haematological and biochemical parameters for sheep studied in this experiment fall within recommendations. Therefore, this study recommends that rice straw could be incorporated into the sheep diet up to 50% as replacement level for wheat offal without any health challenge. Moreover, the feeds are fit for animal consumption.

Keyword: sheep; haematological; biochemistry; diets, rice straw.

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2. Genotypic and Plant Growth Regulator interaction on propagation of jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis L.) cuttings in semi-arid areas of Voi, Kenya

Dr. Shadrack Kinyua Inoti (PhD).

Research field: Dryland forestry Department of Natural Resources, Egerton University, Box 536-20115, Egerton, Kenya

ABSTRACT:Asexual propagation is necessary to provide known sex plants in jojoba to boost yields. An experiment was set up to identify the most appropriate Plant Growth Regulator (PGR) and genotype interaction for propagation of cuttings in semi arid areas of Kenya. The experiment was a 42 factorial laid down in a RCBD with 16 treatments replicated 3 times. The treatments consisted of 2 factors namely: PGR and genotype and 4 levels of PGRs which were IBA, Roothom, Anatone and the Control while those of genotypes were M1= male 1, M2= male 2, F1= female 1 and F2= female 2. ANOVA was carried out using SAS package whereas the significantly different treatment means were separated using DMRT at p < 0.05. The trial was carried out for 5 months in 2013 at Wildlife works Ltd, Voi. Results showed that Anatone x M2 interaction was the best for rooting (62.7%) whereas IBA x M1 interaction showed the highest performance in most of the variables measured for shoot and foliage growth. This study recommends the use of Anatone x M2 genotype interaction for future propagation of jojoba cuttings. However, further research is recommended on screening of a wide range of PGR x genotype for propagation of jojoba cuttings in semi-arid areas of Kenya.

Keyword:Genotype, Plant Growth Regulator, jojoba, cuttings.

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3. MEDIATING FACTORS FOR THE PROVISION OF EFFICIENT FINANCIAL SERVICES

Olufemi Osifuye, Zeleke Worku and Mammo Muchie

Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) Business School 159 Nana Street, Pretoria 0001

ABSTRACT:The study is based on the assessment of mediating factors for the provision of financial services in the City of Tshwane. Fiscal discipline, good governance and service delivery depend on the degree to which prudent financial, auditing and accounting procedures are implemented by finance employees working for the City of Tshwane. The aim of study was to explain the relationship between the degree of adherence to the South African Municipal Finance Management Act (Act number 56 of 2003) and the degree of customer satisfaction with the quality of municipal services that are provided to customers in the City of Tshwane. Data was collected from a stratified random sample of 146 employees of the City of Tshwane who were responsible for providing financial services to cutomers. Data was collected by using a structured, pre-tested and validated questionnaire of study. Statistical methods such as frequency tables, cross-tab analyses and logit analysis were used for performing data analyses. Efficiency in financial management was assessed by assessing the degree of adherence of employees to the Muncipal Finance Management Act (MFMA) based on a composite index defined by Kaiser, Crother, Kelly, Luiselli, O’Shea, Ota, Passos, Schleip & Wuster (2013). The study showed that 89% of the 146 employees who were selected for the study demonstrated adequate adherence to the Act, whereas 11% of employees failed to do so by the same standards. The study found that the degree of adherence of employees to the MFMA was significantly influenced by 3 factors. These 3 factors were degree of skills in financial accounting and auditing, duration of service, and degree of job satisfaction, in a decreasing order of strength. The results also showed that there was a statistically significant association between the quality of financial and auditing services that were provided to customers and the degree of adherence to the Muncipal Finance Management Act.

Keyword:City of Tshwane, Mediating factors, Financial services, Odds ratio.

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4. Processing of waste yogurt serum and commercialization as a healthy food product

Gülay Baysal, Gizem Özkan and Ecem Günerhan

Food Engineering, Engineering faculty, Istanbul Aydin University, Istanbul, 34295, Turkey

ABSTRACT:This study aims that the yogurt serum, which is the waste of yogurt production, to be included in daily food consumption. First, pineapple and pomegranate flavoured yogurt serums have been produced by carrying out the required process. Then, having characterized the pure and the fruit-flavoured yogurt serums, protein determination by Kjeldahl method, moisture and ascorbic acid determinations, fat analysis by Gerber test, density, colour, microbiotic analyses as well as ash determination has been carried out. These analyses were carried out on the first, fourth, seventh and the tenth days and the findings were compared by their nutritive values.

Keyword:Yogurt serum, pineapple, pomegranate, nutritional values, characterization.

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5. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF FRUITED PUMPKIN (italized) PRODUCTION IN GUIUEA SAVANNAH, NIGERIA

Pajo N., Maigida, R.,Nujore K.A @Usman, A

Department of Crop Science, College of Agriculture Jalingo*

ABSTRACT:Fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis, Hook F.) is one of the most important vegetables grown in Nigeria. It is generally regarded as a leaf and seed vegetable. The leaf has high nutritional, medicinal and industrial values being rich in protein 29%, fat 18%, minerals and vitamins 20% In the present study, an attempt was made to calculate the cost of cultivation, find out resource use efficiency and to find out constraints in production and marketing of fluted pumpkin in the study area. The study area selected was Gassol, Jalingo and Donga. A multistage sampling method involving a combination of purposive and random sampling procedures was employed in drawing up the sample block, villages and farmers for collecting primary data. One hundred and fifty farmers (60 marginal, 39 small and 51 large) were selected at random by proportional probability sampling technique. In the study Maximum likelihood Estimation (MLE) technique was used in stochastic frontier production for Total fixed cost for marginal, small and medium farmer are N7836.43, 7190.44 and 7181.91respectively .The benefit cost ratio is Maximum in case of medium farmers with at 2.9:1, followed by small farm (2.4:1) and marginal farmers (1.5:1). The gross returns from a hectare land are highest in case of medium farm with N73869.53 followed by marginal (59251.87) and small (57359.88). A significant difference indicates sub-optimal allocation of resource. Labour, fertilizer and machine are not efficiently utilized in the study area. The study suggests that there should be a wellbuilt infrastructural provision and efficient use of inputs with strong price regulating market organization without malpractices which would show the way to a well-built pumpkin production system.

Keyword:Fluted Pumpkin, Profitability, Return on Investment, Fixed cost, Variable cost.

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6. Factors that affect the quality of administrative services at Tshwane University of Technology

Nompumelelo Mirriam Gumede, Zeleke Worku and Mammo Muchie

Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) Business School 159 Nana Sita Street, Pretoria 0001, South Africa

ABSTRACT:The study was conducted in order to assess and evaluate predictors of service quality in respect of administrative services that are provided to students enrolled at Tshwane University of Technology (TUT). The study was conducted by collecting data from a stratified random sample of size 120 employees of TUT. Data was gathered by use of a structured questionnaire and in-depth interviews. The sample size of the study was equal to n=120. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection and analysis were used for conducting the study. As part of the quantitative aspect of study, data analysis was performed by using methods such as frequency tables, cross-tab analyses, logit analysis, Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithms and Bayesian analysis. The performance of employees was assessed by using a composite index developed by Korschun, Bhattacharya and Swain (2014) for conducting a similar study. The study found that 68 of 120 respondents who were selected for the study (56.67%) were capable of providing highly professional services to students and relevant stakeholders by the standards of Korschun, Bhattacharya and Swain (2014), whereas the remaining 52 respondents (43.33%) were incapable of doing the same. Results obtained from logit analysis, MCMC algorithms and Bayesian analysis showed that the ability of employees to provide highly professional admission related services to students and relevant stakeholders was significantly influenced by 3 factors. These predictor variables were having the best interest of customers at all times, having adequate knowledge about procedures and queries from customers, and showing courtesy to customers at all times, in a decreasing order of strength.

Keyword:Tshwane University of Technology, Admission services, Logit analysis, Bayesian analysis.

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56-67 download
7. The Impact of Gambling to the Society from the Ethical Point of View

Najjuma Oliver Babirye

Department of Philosophy, the Catholic University of Eastern Africa, Nairobi, Kenya

ABSTRACT:Gambling is one of the moral issues raising a lot of debate. Some of the questions raised include these; why do people gamble? Is there a relationship between crime and gambling? What impact does it have to the society and the individual? Is it ethical in the first place? Austin Fagothey while dealing with the contracts of chance stressed that, though gambling is not in itself morally wrong, it is so open to serious abuse and so it should be strictly regulated. It is within this view that the author will answer some of the raised questions about gambling and then argue that gambling, if not restricted, has a severe impact to the society and to the individual.

Keyword:Impact, Gambling, Society, Ethical, Point, View

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68-73 download
8. Adaptability study of released CBD resistant coffee (Coffea arabica L.) variety in Guangua District, Northwestern Ethiopia

Shambel Aseffa

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Pawe Agricultural Research Center P.O.Box 025

ABSTRACT:Yield and productivity of coffee in Ethiopia has been far below other coffee growing countries partly due to poor management practice, lack of high yielder variety. Thus, a field experiment was conducted at Guangua fruit and vegetable nursery site during 2010-2016 growing season to test the adaptability of released CBD resistance lowland coffee variety in Guangua conditions, Northwestern Ethiopia. The treatments consisted of six released CBD resistance coffee variety and three local check that were laid out in randomized complete block design with two replications. Results of this study revealed that yield were significantly (P<0.05) influenced by variety. Maximum yield (9.62 and 9.0 Q/ha) recorded from local check wen 27/09 and wen 18/09 and the minimum yield (3.24, 3.43 and 3.47 Q/ha) recorded from released variety 76/98,105/98 and 78/84, respectively. Accordingly, local check wen 27/09 and wen 18/09 and released variety 7440 and w 4/98 are the most suitable cultivars specifically in the study area.

Keyword:Adaptability, Coffee, yield

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74-79 download

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